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Respiratory Diseases Caused by Coal Mine Dust

Coal mine dust causes a spectrum of lung diseases collectively termed coal mine dust lung disease (CMDLD). These include Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis

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CDC - Mining Topic - Respiratory Diseases - NIOSH

03/09/2021  Pneumoconioses (meaning dusty lung) can cause impairment, disability and premature death. The two main types of pneumoconioses that affect miners are coal workers’

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Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis - Pulmonary Disorders - Merck ...

Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis is caused by inhalation of coal dust. Deposition of dust produces dust-laden macrophages around bronchioles (coal macules)

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Silicosis and coal workers’ pneumoconiosis statistics in ...

The most common forms are coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (due to coal dust), silicosis (due to respirable crystalline silica), and asbestosis (due to asbestos). The

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Coal Workers' Lung Diseases - Cancer Education and ...

of others, such as obstructive lung disease, is restricted to those aspects that relate to coal miners and dust exposure. Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP) is the disease most commonly associated with coal mining. It is not a fast-developing disease, usually taking at

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Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis - Pulmonary Disorders - Merck ...

Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis is caused by inhalation of coal dust. Deposition of dust produces dust-laden macrophages around bronchioles (coal macules), occasionally causing focal bronchiolar emphysema. Coal workers' pneumoconiosis usually causes no symptoms but can progress to progressive massive fibrosis with impaired lung function.

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NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20000148 - Coal workers ...

Coal miners are subject to a number of lung diseases and disorders arising from their exposure to coal mine dust. These include pneumoconiosis, chronic bronchitis and obstructive lung disease. The occurrence and severity of disease depends on the intensity and duration of dust exposure. The specific composition of the coal mine dust also has a bearing on some health outcomes.

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Epidemiology of Coal Workers’ Lung Diseases

“Epidemiology of Coal Workers’ Lung Diseases”. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine ECO.02 (2019): 01-02. COLUMN ARTICLE Attapon Cheepsattayakorn 10th Zonal Tuberculosis and Chest Disease Center Thailand Globally, coal resources are accounting for about 27.62 % of primary energy consumption [1,2]. China is true that coal accounts for more than 60 % of the national energy

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Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis - Lung and Airway Disorders ...

Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis is an environmental lung disease that results from inhaling coal dust or graphite over a long time, usually 20 years or more. Although coal dust is relatively inert and does not provoke much reaction, it spreads throughout the lungs and shows up as tiny spots on an x-ray. Coal dust may block the airways.

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Emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in ...

Purpose of review: Coal mining remains a major industry that has workers at risk for developing chronic lung disease. Aside from simple coal workers' pneumoconiosis and progressive massive fibrosis, the development of emphysema and obstructive lung disease independent of smoking may be underappreciated. This article reviews more recent studies that may help rectify this faulty view.

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Pneumoconiosis - Lung disease

The term 'pneumoconiosis' refers to a group of lung diseases caused by the inhalation - and retention in the lungs - of dusts. The most commonly occurring types of pneumoconiosis (apart from asbestosis) are coal worker's pneumoconiosis, arising from the inhalation of coal dust, and silicosis, arising from the inhalation of respirable crystalline silica (RCS). There is a long delay - up to ten ...

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Dust Diseases in Coal Mining Industry Coal Services by ...

Silicosis is a lung disease similar to coal workers pneumoconiosis in that it causes scarring to the lungs. Causes: Silicosis is caused by exposure to respirable crystalline silica or quartz dust. Respirable crystalline silica can cause fibrous or scar tissue to form in the lungs (silica induced pneumoconiosis) that reduces the lung’s ability to extract oxygen from the air. Respirable ...

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Health assessment information for coal mine workers ...

Workers diagnosed with any lung disease should avoid additional exposure to respiratory hazards especially mine dust, and have their respiratory health monitored on an ongoing basis by a specialist physician. It is important to note that with early detection and appropriate management, mine dust lung diseases are unlikely to be life-threatening and workers can live a normal life. You should ...

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Miners' lung disease: 'Thousands may have pneumoconiosis ...

11/01/2016  Pneumoconiosis is a long-term and irreversible disease characterised by scarring and inflammation of the lung tissue; It encompasses conditions including asbestosis, silicosis and "the black lung ...

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Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis - Pulmonary Fibrosis

“Pneumoconioses” are chronic lung diseases caused by inhalation of mineral dusts. The most common types of pneumoconioses are asbestosis, silicosis, and coal worker’s pneumoconiosis (CWP). Coal workers are at risk for coal worker’s pneumoconiosis (CWP). There are two types of CWP: simple and complicated CWP. Complicated CWP is also called “progressive massive fibrosis.” Both are ...

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Coal mine dust lung disease in the modern era

Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), as part of the spectrum of coal mine dust lung disease (CMDLD), is a preventable but incurable lung disease that can be complicated by respiratory failure and death. Recent increases in coal production from the financial incentive of economic growth lead to higher respirable coal and quartz dust levels, often associated with mechanization of longwall coal ...

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Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis - Pulmonary Disorders - Merck ...

Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis is caused by inhalation of coal dust. Deposition of dust produces dust-laden macrophages around bronchioles (coal macules), occasionally causing focal bronchiolar emphysema. Coal workers' pneumoconiosis usually causes no symptoms but can progress to progressive massive fibrosis with impaired lung function.

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Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis (Black Lung Disease ...

19/12/2019  The prevalence of coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP) (black lung disease) was higher in China compared to the other two countries because of China's earlier focus on occupational health. There was an average of 21,719 new cases of occupational diseases reported each year in the 14-year period between 2003 and 2016, with 44.83% of these cases being lung diseases due to coal

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Treating and Managing Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis ...

12/03/2020  Black lung disease is preventable, which is why the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has a set of safety standards to help workers avoid the disease. Under these guidelines, all coal miners should wear a mask, wash any skin that comes in contact with dust, safely remove dust from all clothing and wash their face and hands before eating, drinking or taking medication. In

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Focusing on Coal Workers’ Lung Diseases: A Comparative ...

Coal workers’ lung diseases have always been an important global public health concern. This paper strengthens the international understanding of coal workers’ lung diseases by systemic and comprehensive comparisons of management processes from the fundamental coal dust sources to the controllable treatment of coal workers’ lung diseases within China, the USA, and Australia. The

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Coal mining, silicosis and lung cancer: IIAC position paper 41

Silicosis and coal workers’ pneumoconiosis 5. Silicosis is one of a group of occupational lung diseases collectively called the ‘pneumoconioses’ which are caused by inhalation of dust. Silicosis was first recognised in 1796 in people exposed to stone dust from using grinding wheels. 6. A separate disease, characterised by black lungs at autopsy, was recognised in Scottish coal miners in ...

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Progression of coal workers’ pneumoconiosis absent further ...

This trend has been observed among active coal miners participating in the Coal Workers’ Health Surveillance Program,1–3 as well as among former miners applying for Federal Black Lung Program (FBLP) benefits.4 The Central Appalachian states of Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia have seen the steepest increases in rates of this debilitating disease.1 2 4–7

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Work-Related Lung Diseases

coal workers pneumoconiosis. Beryllium can cause chronic beryllium disease (CBD), an interstitial lung disease that can look just like sarcoidosis. Other metals such as indium, used to produce computer monitors, and cobalt, in tungsten carbide tools, can also cause lung disease. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: Inhalation of certain substances can trigger an immune inflammatory reaction in the ...

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‘It’s really tragic’: why are coalminers still dying from ...

24/01/2020  Brock has complicated black lung disease caused by inhalation of coal dust. ... workers are exposed to deadly silica dust is sentencing hundreds and possibly thousands of workers to disease ...

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